Pages Navigation Menu

Dana’s Construction Manual

5 Tips For Painting After A Plaster Repair

Posted by on Apr 20, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 5 Tips For Painting After A Plaster Repair

If you are paying a professional plasterer to resurface your plaster, fill in cracks, or otherwise repair plaster in your home, you can save money by painting the finished plaster on your own. However, before you pull out the paintbrush and bucket, make sure you know how to properly paint over plaster by reading these tips on repairing and paining plaster.  Repair All Sections of Plaster that Require Repair  If you have one section of your wall or ceiling that obviously requires repair due to water damage or age, it is possible that you have other sections of the wall or ceiling that also require slight repairs. When you hire a plasterer, you should have them examine the entire room or building and make repairs on small cracks that are just beginning to form or places where the plaster is detaching from the keying as well as major problem areas. This way, you will only have to paint the area once. If you wait for these small problems to become bigger, you will have to repaint the area a second time when you need more plaster repair.  Ask Your Plasterer to Match Your Previous Texture  Although it is possible to create faux plaster finishes with finishing supplies and paint, it is important that your plasterer matches the finish of your current plaster. This is because texture added in plaster and then painted over is often richer and deeper than faux plaster texturing techniques. In order to get a good match, the texture of the plaster should be consistent and the application method for the paint should also be consistent.  Make Sure the Plaster Cures Fully  One of the biggest mistakes that homeowners make when they are painting over plaster is not waiting long enough for the plaster to cure fully. Plaster needs to be fully cured before you prime or paint the surface. This is because the chemical bond between the plaster and paint only forms when the plaster is dry. If the plaster is still wet, the paint will likely crack and peel.  To make sure your plaster is fully cured, you can simply ask your plasterer what the curing time will be. If the weather is damp or cold, you may need to wait longer than the recommended curing time. If that is the case, you can tape a piece of clear plastic over a section of the plaster. If water droplets appear on between the plaster and the plastic, the plaster is not fully cured.  Use Primer On Plaster Plaster surfaces need to be sealed with a primer or a mist coat before you apply your final coats of paint. This will help your paint adhere to the surface and give you an even application. If you are painting just a small section, your primer should extend beyond the repaired area over your old paint. This will create a smooth transition between the two areas.  Decide Whether You Should Paint the Repaired Areas or If You need to Paint the Entire Wall or Room If the paint in your room is old or if you are unable to match the color exactly, you may want to repaint the entire room as opposed to only painting over the areas where you had your plaster repaired. Also, if...

read more

First Construction Job In The City? Everything You Need To Know About NYC Construction Fence Requirements

Posted by on Mar 14, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on First Construction Job In The City? Everything You Need To Know About NYC Construction Fence Requirements

Has your small New York-based construction company just landed its first job in the big city? If so, one of the first things you’ll need to do upon arriving is erect a construction fence to protect pedestrians from the dangers of the project you’ll be working on. You should know, though, that New York City has stricter guidelines for construction fencing than the state as a whole, so here are some important facts to keep in mind when putting one up. You’ll Probably Need More Permits Than You’re Used To Needing Some towns in New York have no zoning laws and no permits are required for new construction. In other towns, a single building permit is required for all aspects of a construction project, from putting up a construction fence to putting a roof on the finished project. In New York City, though, you can count on needing a permit for nearly every aspect of the project you work on. In fact, you could need various permits for the construction fence you’ll be using alone. You’ll need a permit to erect the construction fence (any temporary or permanent structure over six feet tall requires a permit). If your construction fence extends more than three feet past the property line, you’ll need a partial sidewalk closing permit. If the fence extends five feet or more past the property line, you’ll need a full sidewalk closing permit from the city. Chain Link Fencing Is A No-Go Because of the high concentration of pedestrians in New York City, temporary chain link fencing may not be used as construction fencing. Instead, the entire length of any construction fence must be solid so no debris can slip through it. Construction fencing must also be a minimum of eight feet high and hunter green in color in order to comply with New York City ordinance. Viewing Panels Are A Must As of 2013, any construction fence erected within the borders of New York City must be equipped with viewing panels. Viewing panels should be 12 inches by 12 inches in size, and they should be constructed of a clear, shatter-proof material, such as synthetic glass. One viewing panel is required at every 25 feet along the fence’s perimeter. The purpose of these panels is to allow pedestrians a clear view of your construction project without requiring them to risk their safety to get that view. There Are Strict Signage Regulations In most New York towns where you need a building permit, you obtain that permit and post a copy of it on-premises, and then you’re free to start work. In New York City, however, things work a little differently. Instead of a just posting a building permit at your work site, you’ll need to post an information panel directly on your construction fence. This panel should contain a description of the construction project along with an image of what the exterior of the final project should look like. The panel also must include the expected date of the project’s completion, as well as your contact information. Any construction site that implements a construction fence must post an information panel on the fence, with one exception — if the construction project you’re working on houses or will house 3 families or fewer, you do not need to...

read more

3 Pallet Rack Options For Smaller Warehouses

Posted by on Feb 17, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 3 Pallet Rack Options For Smaller Warehouses

Owning a small warehouse can help you save money on property costs and other expenses, but it also means you’ll be squeezing in a lot of inventory and looking for space solutions. Instead of using standard pallet racks, there are a number of alternative industrial pallet racks that can fit the needs of a small warehouse. By determining your ideal pallet area, you can select the pallet rack that best suits your needs and can fit into a confined space. Browse through the following three racks and see how their features can help fit inside a small warehouse. If your warehouse ever expands, the same racks can adapt to larger sizes so you can continue to use them. Push Back Pallet Racks Instead of filling the whole warehouse with pallet racks, you can have a pallet rack system installed that goes up against the walls of your warehouse. This leaves middle sections open for packaging, loading, and logistics. With access at the front of these pallet racks, you have room to push back pallets and fill up a lot of extra space without using up too much square footage of your warehouse. The push back pallet uses a simple catch and release type of system. Small pulleys and levers automatically click into place when a pallet is placed on the rack. When a second pallet is placed down, the first one is automatically pushed back and locked into position. A single row can typically hold three to four pallets. When a pallet is removed from the rack, the ones behind it automatically move up to the next position. This makes it easy for forklifts to grab a pallet and successfully remove it from the rack. Pallet Flow Rack A similar design to the push back pallet rack is the pallet flow rack. Instead of only getting access from one side, the pallet flow rack creates a smooth flow from each side of the rack. In a small warehouse, this makes it easier for multiple forklift operates to access specific areas and complete tasks without delay. The process of a pallet flow rack is simple. The left side of the rack is the entry point for pallets. The right side is the exit point. Once a pallet is inserted into the left side, a gravity flow system carefully rolls it down and locks it into place on the right side. When a pallet is removed from the right side, the remaining pallets in the row will roll down and lock into place. A pallet flow rack is great for a “first-in, first-out” system. Instead of maneuvering pallets to reach the first one that you put in, it is ready for removal on the opposite side. This can help save a lot of time and space for pallets. In a small warehouse, you only need one pallet flow rack fit to your size needs towards the center of the warehouse. Drive-In Pallet Racks Creating space for forklift lanes and racks can be a hassle with a small warehouse. Mix two into one by having a drive-in pallet rack installed. The rack makes it easy to access pallets and eliminates the extra space needed for multiple forklifts. A drive in system features a row wide enough to fit a pallet and a...

read more

How To Repair A Wide Crack In Your Driveway Or Other Residential Asphalt Surface

Posted by on Jan 27, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on How To Repair A Wide Crack In Your Driveway Or Other Residential Asphalt Surface

Asphalt is an ideal material for driveways and paths due to its low cost, attractive appearance and durability. However, even the most durable of asphalt surfaces can develop cracks due to erosion, summer heat or the freeze/thaw cycle in winter. Small cracks are readily-filled with asphalt from a caulk gun tube, but wide cracks need special attention. When cracks are larger than about a half-inch in size, there are a few additional steps that should be taken to make the repair successful and long-lasting. Here is what you need to know: Tools and materials needed Gallon-sized bottle of cold crack filler with spout V-shaped asphalt squeegee ½-inch diameter foam backer rod Flat-blade screwdriver Wet/dry vacuum Small wire brush Broom Scissors Tape measure Performing the repair – Step-by-Step 1. Ensure conditions are right for performing an asphalt repair – For best results, complete the repair on a warm, dry day. If the asphalt is cold or wet, the crack filler will not properly adhere to the surface. That’s why the air temperature and asphalt surface should both exceed 50 degrees Fahrenheit, and there should also be no forecast threat for rain in the day or two after the repair is performed. 2. Prepare the asphalt surface for repair – On the day of the repair, you will need to prepare the area inside and around the crack in the asphalt. Begin by sweeping up loose gravel, rocks and other bits of debris; don’t throw any gathered material away, though, since it will be used to disguise the repair. After you have swept up the surface, use a wet/dry vac with a crevice nozzle to suction smaller particles down inside the crack. If there are stubborn pieces of debris lodged inside the crack, use a flat-blade screwdriver or wire brush to remove the debris. 3. Insert the foam backer rod into the crack – To provide a solid foundation for the crack filler liquid, you will need to insert a long piece of foam backer rod into the bottom of the crack. Measure and cut the backer rod to length, then push it into the crack with your fingers. Next, use the tip of a flat-blade screwdriver to push the backer rod as far as you can into the crevice, so it will be “locked” in place. 4. Fill the crack with cold asphalt crack filler – After the foam backer rod has been inserted into the crack, you are ready to fill the remaining space on top of the crack with cold asphalt crack filler. Start at one end of the crack and gently pour the crack filler liquid into the crack and allow it to seep into the spaces around the backer rod. Move down the length of the crack with the bottle of cracker filler, pouring what is needed; be careful to avoid pouring too much to avoid waste and prevent making a mess. 5. Squeegee the crack filler material – Once the crack has been filled with crack filler, then the next step is to spread and evenly distribute the filler with a v-shaped asphalt squeegee. Start at one end of the crack and position the inside of the “V” at the end of the crack. Slowly pull the squeegee along the crack to scoop up excess...

read more

4 Reasons Your Pilot Light Keeps Going Out On Your Water Heater

Posted by on Jan 4, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 4 Reasons Your Pilot Light Keeps Going Out On Your Water Heater

With months of winter ahead, it’s important that you keep your house nice and warm, included your home’s water. One of the biggest problems that people have that is associated with not having hot water is that their pilot light keeps going out. There are several explanations as to why this is the case. Thermocouple A thermocouple is a device that essentially monitors the temperature of any given device. It is a device that consists of two different conductors that serve to monitor the heat index of an appliance. In this case, it is your water heater. There might be several reasons for this, but your thermocouple could be subject to a malfunction. When a thermocouple malfunctions on a hot water heater, your pilot light doesn’t actually go out. Rather, your water heater will “think” that the pilot light has went out, and will disable the ability to heat up water and ultimately warm your house. It is highly recommended that you call on the services of a professional if your thermocouple device is malfunctioning. Lack Of Ventilation A lack of ventilation can cause some serious issues surrounding your water heater, and can cause your pilot light to continuously blow out. When your water heater does not receive enough oxygen, this will cause an ecosystem wherein the pilot light can’t even be turned off. The first thing you should do is check the filter to your hot water heater. Either clean out the filter or replace it; the latter is usually quite a bit easier to do, and not to mention, it is also relatively inexpensive. Make sure that your hot water heater has a louvered door or a vent line that leads outside, and either one of these things are open. Over Ventilation Related to the issue of a lack of ventilation is the opposite end of the spectrum, over ventilation. If your hot water heater is being subjected to drafts or windy areas, your pilot light can continuously go out. Make sure that the shields are in place over your pilot light and that your HVAC system does not have any sort of ventilation blowing directly upon the water heater, especially if it is above your hot water heater. Make sure that your hot water heater is placed in an area that does not have an abundance of windows or that your hot water heater is placed sufficiently away from the windows in the room that it is placed in. Gas Control Valve For a number of reasons, your gas control valve might be acting a bit odd. Your gas control valve might be causing gas to not sufficiently flow to the hot water heater itself. Make sure that all of the gas is turned off to your heater before removing your gas control valve, then remove the valve itself. Make sure that you drain the water from the heater, also. Check to see if the gas control valve is still working properly. If it is not, it can easily be replaced. A solidly working gas valve will ensure that your pilot light will be continuously on. A water heater pilot light blowing out is a relatively common problem, that could have many causes, when it comes to hot water heaters. Hopefully, throughout the course of this brief article, you have...

read more

Three Ways Home Automation Can Save You Money

Posted by on Dec 16, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Three Ways Home Automation Can Save You Money

Sometimes you have to invest money to save money. This is particularly true when it comes to reducing energy costs in your home. Although home automation has been primarily touted as a way to make life easier for homeowners, it can also help you save money on energy costs. Here are three ways you can use home automation products to cut down on your energy usage and put more money in your bank account. Increased Light Control Although switching to compact fluorescent bulbs or other energy-saving light bulbs is an easy way to immediately reduce the amount of electricity used in your home, using smart bulbs connected to a home automation system can save you even more cash. First, the lights can be set to detect motion so they only come on when someone enters the room and turn off when the individual leaves. This significantly reduces the instances of lights being left on to burn when no one is in the area. Not only does this reduce the amount of energy used, it also extends the life of your bulbs. Second, lights can be set on timers and customized according to your lifestyle. For instance, the lights can be set to turn off automatically after 9 a.m. when no one is home. This minimizes the risk of someone accidentally leaving a light on in the rush to leave the house and leading to a full day of wasted electricity. Lastly, you can also control the brightness of the lighting using a home automation system, so you only use as much light as you need. You can turn down the brightness during dinner or increase it while the kids are doing their homework. Better Home Temperature Regulation Home automation systems can help you regulate the temperature in your home in unexpected ways. In addition to letting you customize the settings on your heating and air conditioning system to support your lifestyle, a home automation system can let you take advantage of your exterior environment via your curtains and shades. For instance, you can automatically adjust the amount of sunlight that enters your home by raising and lowering the shades at set times. During the winter time, you can set the system to raise the shades during the time of day when the sun is shining brightest and use the energy from the light to heat your home. You can then set the system to lower them again to prevent the captured heat from escaping. This reduces the amount of effort your HVAC unit has to put forth to keep the home at a comfortable temperature and, in turn, lower your energy bills. Manage Small Appliances A third issue that home automation can help you with that often escapes notice is the energy consumed by small appliances. Many small appliances still consume energy even when they are turned off or not in use. Although each individual appliance may only use a watt or two when they are in standby, the cumulative effect of having multiple appliances and electronics such as computers, televisions, and even coffeemakers drawing power can be significant. According to the Department of Energy, energy consumption from plugged in appliances account for about 5 to 10 percent of your bill. A home automation system can help you close...

read more

Weep-Free Tips To Plant And Maintain A Weeping Willow Tree

Posted by on Dec 7, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Weep-Free Tips To Plant And Maintain A Weeping Willow Tree

Mowing your lawn, trimming shrubs, and watering the flowers are all key elements to maintaining your home’s landscaping, but planting trees around your yard is also smart. Considering that certain trees enhance your curb appeal and increase your home’s total value, they are excellent investments for your landscape design. Of course, the various options available can be overwhelming. Fortunately, choosing a weeping willow tree for your yard adds appeal and value. In addition, weeping willows provide shade, which can cool your home in the summer and keep it warm in the winter.  Using this guide, you will understand the proper, weep-free way to plant and maintain a weeping willow tree. Location Whether you have a small, suburban yard or sprawling acres of land available, finding the best location for your weeping willow tree can be challenging because of its size. This whimsical-looking tree grows quickly, reaching an estimated 30 to 50 feet in height. While surprising to hear, the tree may also grow the same size in width, making it a large statement in your yard. Due to its size, make sure to choose an open area for your weeping willow tree. Be sure to plant the tree in an area that is free of sewer, water, or cable lines, since the tree’s roots spread far and wide, as well. Lastly, make sure your tree will receive full sun or partial shade to maximize its growth potential. Planting When installing the tree, dig a hole a few times larger than its root ball. This will ensure the roots have adequate space to grow and receive moisture. In regards to soil, the weeping willow is a versatile tree that will grow in most conditions. However, it will thrive best in a well-drained, acidic soil. After planting, cover the tree base and root ball with mulch to help trap in moisture. Then, water generously. In the summer season, water the tree daily to implement growth. In the cooler months of fall or spring, water every few days. Maintenance Once established, your weeping willow will need to be watered once a week. In extremely hot temperatures, water a few times each week. While watering is important, your weeping willow tree will also require periodic maintenance to keep it appealing and healthy. Dead growth should be removed in the winter. Locate any dead branches closest to the tree trunk, using pruning shears to trim them away. Remove hanging branches that touch the ground, as well. Removing this overgrowth will allow the tree to continue growing in a healthy manner. To ensure your tree keeps the traditional weeping willow style, sketch out a drawing, removing certain limbs and branches on paper before making actual cuts. Pest Control Unfortunately, your weeping willow tree is not immune to pests and certain diseases. Gypsy moths and aphids are both common pests that find the weeping willow, and other trees, very appealing. These pests wreak havoc on the look and underlying health of your tree in just one season. If you notice the following signs, your weeping willow is most likely infested by one of these pests: Caterpillar Sightings in Late Spring Holes in the Leaves Defoliation or Loss of Tree Foliage Visible Eggs on Tree Leaves, Branches, and Trunk When you first notice these signs, consider spraying...

read more

2 Reasons You Should Consider Installing Exterior French Doors

Posted by on Nov 5, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 2 Reasons You Should Consider Installing Exterior French Doors

If you are like most people, you might zero in on that interior paint color or those dated laminate counters when you start thinking about home renovations. However, those improvements pale in comparison to what your home might be like if you update your exterior doors. Here are two reasons you should consider installing French doors: 1: Improve Your Home’s Value Remodeling your office might seem like a fun project, but how much would the improvement actually boost your home’s value? Research shows that an office remodel has an average return on investment of around 48.9%, which means that if you spend $5,000, you will only make back $2,445. However, because brand new exterior doors can make your home look incredible, they carry a much higher return on investment. Although the price of exterior French doors varies significantly based on the door size and the design details you choose, a basic set of aluminum or steel French doors typically costs between $300 and $800. If you choose a fancy set with ornate detailing or reinforced panels, French doors might cost between $1,000 and $3,000. However, considering steel front door updates carry a 98% return on investment, you could expect to earn nearly all of that money back if you ever move.   Believe it or not, looks aren’t the only reason French doors add to the value of your home. Here are a few other reasons French doors are such an asset: Energy Efficiency: To keep hot or cool air from escaping from your home, some exterior French doors are made from energy efficient fiberglass and contain special glass that blocks UV light.   Easier To Move: Because French doors don’t contain a center beam, they can be opened wide to help people to move furniture, rugs, televisions, or other large objects into and out of the house. Before you balk at those French door prices, keep in mind that a new set of doors could help to regulate your home’s temperature and make your next move a breeze. 2: Create Versatile Living Spaces Entryways aren’t the only area of your home that might benefit from a few new French doors. Because French doors can be opened wide to create a large entryway, they can transform cramped spaces into open, versatile areas. For example, because older sliding glass doors contain a single fixed pane that doesn’t move, upgrading to French doors might help you to open up your space. This versatility makes French doors perfect for patios, master suite balconies or even kitchens that lead out to the backyard. Because French doors let all of the light through, they create an open feeling without blocking off the space. For example, that set of French doors might make your space more comfortable during your next garden party. Instead of having guests choose between staying outside or enjoying appetizers in your dining room, you could throw open those doors to let people roam as they please. If you are worried about French doors damaging your privacy, you shouldn’t be. French doors can be fitted with interior curtains like any other window treatment, or you could ask for decorative glass to limit visibility. For example, if you select bubbled glass, it might create a nostalgic look while making it harder for people...

read more

4 Ways To Update Your Bathroom

Posted by on Oct 15, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 4 Ways To Update Your Bathroom

When it comes to home renovations, most people immediately think of the big guns: the front lawn, the living room, and the master bedroom. One of the rooms that is most often overlooked when people think of such things is the bathroom. Why is this the case? It is a communal room that everyone uses – even guests; especially guests! So, why forget about it? There is no reason, and you shouldn’t forget about it, either. Although there are plenty of bathroom renovations that require a rather large bank account, don’t fret. There are plenty of repairs and remodeling jobs you can do on a budget. Throughout the course of this article, you will learn of 4 ways to save money on your next bathroom remodeling job. Accessorize One of the easiest, least expensive things you can do your bathroom is make sure you have plenty of accessories around to make your bathroom perhaps look a bit fancier than it actually is. Not only is this a cheap, easy “fix” it’s also something that won’t require that you pick up a solitary tool. Accessorizing is a simple phenomenon that can be something as easy as changing your old, perhaps a bit dirty, shower curtain with something newer, more modern and cleaner. Don’t skimp out on things like towels, either. A nice set of towels can make your bathroom look infinitely nicer, and they last a long time, as well. Paint Perhaps you live in a home that has a bathroom that hasn’t seen a paint job since the 1970s. What was once in vogue back in the day, like pink and avocado, hasn’t particularly aged well. You can have all of the newest, most modern looking fixtures in the world, but if they’re not placed against a good, solid paint job and instead butted up next to some dated looking colors, they’re simply not worth their weight. Make sure to buy premium paint, for several reasons. First of all, it simply looks better. Secondly, it will last longer and not look “spotty”. There’s something to be said for not having to slather on more than 2 coats of paint. Vanities and Fixtures Vanities and fixtures are accouterments that you can generally find on the cheap. In addition to that, it’s also perfectly acceptable to purchase vanities and fixtures that have been used, provided that you take a look at the product before buying it to make sure that it is in good aesthetic and structural shape. When looking for vanities and fixtures, make the rounds at all of the usual suspects, such as hardware stores and department stores, but don’t be afraid to look outside of the normal purview as well. Check out places like big box stores and check advertisements posted online in order to maximize your shopping experience. Showerhead Showerheads are another part of your bathroom that can generally be found on the cheap and can add to the aesthetics of your bathroom situation. There are a wide variety of showerheads to be found on the market, everything from your standard issue showerhead to showerheads that can also serve as a part time masseuse! Showerheads are another bathroom item that can often be found used and in good shape, so it is recommended that you check online...

read more

How To Properly Make Electrical Connections Using A Junction Box Mounted In Your Attic

Posted by on Sep 25, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on How To Properly Make Electrical Connections Using A Junction Box Mounted In Your Attic

Adding a new outlet or light switch often requires making a connection with an existing outlet or switch. For most homeowners, this means running the wiring up through the walls and making an electrical connection in the attic. While this is not difficult to do, an improper connection can be a potential fire hazard and must be installed correctly. Below is how you can create wire connections the right way inside your attic: Tools and materials needed Wire strippers Utility knife Yellow-colored wire nuts Plastic electrical junction box Electrical tape Claw hammer Staple gun Junction box cover Phillips-head screwdriver Auxiliary lighting Face mask Step-by-step procedure 1. Make working safely your first priority – Before performing any electrical work, it is vital that you remember to keep safety at the foremost in your mind. That means you should always disconnect power at the main circuit breaker panel, and never rely on merely turning off switches to protect yourself. In addition, practice safe working habits while operating in the confined, dark spaces of your attics. Beware of stepping on unfinished floors to prevent falling through ceilings, and watch your head so you don’t sustain puncture injuries from exposed roofing nails. If you are sensitive to dust, be sure to wear a face mask to protect your respiratory tract. 2. Select a location for your junction box – Simply joining the ends of wiring together is not acceptable from a safety point of view nor will it satisfy code requirements. The connections must be protected inside a junction box, and your first task is to locate an appropriate spot to place it. The main requirements are that it be located on either a joist, stud or rafter, and it should be in a location where the wire is protected as it makes its “run” across the attic space. In addition, junction boxes should be kept accessible; do not wall it off or hide it in a location where it is difficult to access. 3. Mount the junction box – After locating a suitable spot to place the junction box, hold it firmly against the support structure so the lip of the box is flush with the edge of the wood surface. Drive the two nails already attached to the box into the wood, but be sure not to crack the plastic by forcing the nails too far into the wood. 4. Make the wire connections – Once the junction box is in place, punch out the wire hole tabs in the box; you will need one entry hole and one exit hole. Push the end of the wire coming from your existing connection through the box, being sure to allow about six inches of extra wire to work with for making the connection. Next, push the wire coming from the new fixture through the other hole and also leave a six-inch working section of wire. After both wire ends are inside the junction box, you need to strip insulation. For Romex-style wiring, cut the outer insulating sheath away from the wire to expose the inside strands. Next, use a pair of wire strippers to remove the insulation from the individual strands to expose ½-inch of bare metal on each wire. Match each strand of wire according to color: black-to-black, white-to-white and green-to-green....

read more